In now government-controlled areas of Tigray, the scars of conflict are everywhere, from burnt-out tanks to buildings peppered with bullet holes and gouged by shrapnel. n Humera ppl describe fleeing artillery barrages or cowering in their homes. "We didn't expect shelling. Suddenly, we started to hear war weapons, explosions. I was terrified". Several said they witnessed mortar bombs whistling in "from the north", meaning Eritrea.